Retinal detachment is a separation of the sensory retina (the part of the retina responsible for receiving stimuli of light) of the retinal pigment epithelium. Ablation can be rhegmatogenous (rhegma-rupture) and non rhegmatogenous (traction, serous). Risk factors - short-sightedness, lack of intraocular lenses - aphakia, trauma - eye injuries, long-term inflammation of the eye-panuveitis.
In some patients, before it comes to the appearance of retinal detachment, there are a number of specific symptoms-blur that moves in the visual field, glittering light, "bolts" during rapid eye movements. Retinal detachment can occur suddenly, without notice, the sudden drop in vision.
Retinal ablation therapy in the majority of cases is surgery. It is recommended to detect retinal ablation on time, particularly if central vision is not affected (detached macula ), because in this case we achieve optimal results of surgery.
If there is a detached macula, surgery can be done with anatomically satisfactory result, but the return of visual function very much depends on the previous state of the retina and the time that elapsed from the time of detachment till the surgery. It is believed that the optimum time for surgery in case macula detachment is up to 3 days!
Surgical therapy in most cases comes down to two methods-lateral approach (columns), where it does not need to 'open the eye', and pars plana vitrectomy with or without some form of internal tamponade (gas, silicone oil).
In the case of beams, eye movements can be difficult or painful postoperatively , with the change in refractive error due to changes in the length of the shaft of the eyeball.